Geoscientists and oceanographers

National Occupation Code (NOC): 2113  ยท  Browse All Occupations

Geoscientists include geologists, geochemists and geophysicists who conduct programs of exploration and research to extend knowledge of the structure, composition and processes of the earth, to locate, identify and extract hydrocarbon, mineral and groundwater resources and to assess and mitigate the effects of development and waste disposal projects on the environment. Oceanographers conduct programs of exploration and research on ocean processes and phenomena, biological, chemical and physical characteristics of oceans, interactions with atmospheric and geological environments and impacts of human activity on oceans and marine ecosystems. Geoscientists are employed by petroleum and mining companies, consulting geology, geophysics and engineering firms and by governments and educational institutions, or they may be self-employed. Oceanographers are employed by governments, educational institutions and private companies engaged in exploration of seafloor deposits and seafarming areas, or they may be self-employed.

Alternate Job Titles

  • Biological Oceanographer
  • Biostratigrapher
  • Chemical Oceanographer
  • Coal Geologist
  • Consulting Geologist
  • Consulting Geophysicist
  • Development Geologist
  • Environmental Geologist
  • Exploration Geologist
  • Exploration Geophysicist
  • Fisheries Oceanographer
  • Geochemist
  • Geodesist
  • Geological Oceanographer
  • Geologist
  • Geomorphologist
  • Geophysicist
  • Glaciologist
  • Groundwater Geologist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Hydrographic Surveyor - Geology
  • Hydrologist
  • Ice Specialist - Oceanography
  • Marine Geologist
  • Marine Geophysicist
  • Micropaleontologist
  • Mine Geologist
  • Mineralogist
  • Mining Geologist
  • Oceanographer
  • Oil Geologist
  • Paleobotanist
  • Paleoecologist
  • Paleontologist
  • Palynologist
  • Petrographer
  • Petroleum Geologist
  • Petrologist
  • Petrophysicist
  • Photogeologist
  • Physical Oceanographer
  • Placer Geologist
  • Prospecting Geologist
  • Quaternarist
  • Quaternary Scientist
  • Quaternary Specialist
  • Remote Sensing Geologist
  • Sedimentary Geologist
  • Sedimentologist
  • Seismologist
  • Stratigrapher
  • Structural Geologist
  • Volcanologist
  • Wellsite Co-ordinator - Geology
  • Development Geologist
  • Environmental Geologist
  • Exploration Geologist
  • Geochemist
  • Geologist
  • Geophysicist
  • Glaciologist
  • Groundwater Geologist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Mine Geologist
  • Mineralogist
  • Oceanographer
  • Paleontologist
  • Petroleum Geologist
  • Petrologist
  • Sedimentologist
  • Seismologist
  • Stratigrapher

Median Income by Education

The following table details the median income for various education levels for geoscientists and oceanographers.

Education Level Median Income
No certificate, diploma or degree N/A
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate N/A
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma N/A
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma N/A
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level N/A
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above $80,250
Total: Highest certificate, diploma or degree $79,049
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for population aged 15 and over who worked in 2015 and reported employment income in 2015.

Median Income by Gender

The following table details median income by gender for geoscientists and oceanographers.

Gender Median Income
Male $79,049
Female $80,934
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for population aged 15 and over who worked in 2015 and reported employment income in 2015.

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Regional Employment Participation by Age Group

This chart and accompanying table outlines regional employment participation by age group for geoscientists and oceanographers

Age Group Employed Individuals
15 to 24 years 0
25 to 34 years 45
35 to 44 years 90
45 to 54 years 95
55 to 64 years 85
65 to 74 years 10
75 years and over 0
Total 325
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for labour force aged 15 and over in private households.

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Regional Employment Participation by Employment Type

This chart outlines regional employment participation by employment type for geoscientists and oceanographers. Hover over a pie section to see the associated employment type, or refer to the table below.

Employment Type Employed Individuals
Full Time 140
Part Time 195
Total 330
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for population aged 15 and over who worked in 2015 and reported employment income in 2015.

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Regional Employment Participation by Gender

This chart outlines regional employment participation by gender for geoscientists and oceanographers. Hover over a pie section to see the associated gender, or refer to the table below.

Gender Employed Individuals
Male 240
Female 85
Total 325
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for population aged 15 and over who worked in 2015 and reported employment income in 2015.

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Regional Employment Participation by Class of Worker

This chart outlines regional employment participation by class of worker for geoscientists and oceanographers. Hover over a pie section to see the associated class, or refer to the table below.

Class Employed Individuals
Employee 245
Self Employed 80
Total 325
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for labour force aged 15 and over in private households.

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Regional Employment Participation by Labour Force Status

This chart outlines regional employment participation by labour force status for geoscientists and oceanographers. Hover over a pie section to see the associated labour status, or refer to the table below.

Labour Status Individuals
Employed 295
Unemployed 35
Total 325
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for labour force aged 15 and over in private households.

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Regional Employment Participation by Education Level

This chart outlines regional employment participation by education level for geoscientists and oceanographers. Hover over a pie section to see the associated education level, or refer to the table below.

Education Level Individuals
No certificate, diploma or degree 0
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate 0
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 0
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 0
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 330
Total 330
Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Population. Custom tabulation for population aged 15 and over who worked in 2015 and reported employment income in 2015.

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